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    Nutrition and the Central Fatigue Hypothesis

    by Matt Samuels, RD

    Athletes are quite familiar with localized fatigue. This can be observed during any weight training session when an exercise is taken to failure or during an endurance event when one body part fatigues before others. This localized fatigue occurs within the muscle itself and can be caused

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    Lean Muscle Mass Gain & Fat Mass Loss During Training

    Interventions For Enhancing Lean Muscle Mass Gain and Fat Mass Loss During Strength and Speed Training Protocols

    Dr. Bill Misner Ph.D.*

    Ever wonder how, why, and where the flat stomach, thin thighs, and slim hips of your youth disappeared beneath a blanket of fat? There are a number of metabolic mechanisms known to influence body composition outcome. Lean and fat mass are remarkably dependant upon two hormones. Age-induced

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    Endurance Nutrition: What to Eat Before, During & After Exercise

    Endurance Nutrition: How and What to Eat Before, During and After Exercise? Pre-Event Meal Warning: Eat 3 Hours Before Exercise

    By: Dr. Bill Misner Ph.D.
    Endurance nutrition: how and what to eat before, during and after exercise? Pre-event meal warning: eat 3 hours before exercise.

    Both maltodextrin and sugar-based foods have corresponding high glycemic indexes which will elevate blood glucose and insulin release at similar rates. The high glycemic index
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    Why Water Is The Most Important Nutrient For Endurance Athletes

    By Mike Darnley, MS,RD

    Many people do not think of water as a nutrient, possibly due to its simplicity or maybe because there is no energy provided by water. Nevertheless, water is the most vital nutrient that we consume. Besides being a medium for cellular processes that occur in the body,

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    Anabolic Steroids and The Depression Connection

    By: Mark J. Occhipinti, M.S., Ph.D., N.D.c Exercise Physiologist

    Testosterone is thought to be the root of male aggression. Above average levels of testosterone have been observed in incarcerated violent criminals and in athletes engaged in semi-violent sports such as: football, lacrosse, and ice hockey.

    The term “roid rage” has been applied to the explosive and often irrational behavior seen in men and women who use anabolic steroids (especially those that are highly androgenic) on a regular basis above the therapeutic dosage. Many marriages and friendships I have known have fallen on hard times as a result of the severe mood swings that many steroid users experience. The irritability experienced by males and females on anabolic /androgenic steroids are paralleled by a condition that millions of women each month endure, commonly referred to as “premenstrual tension syndrome”. Anabolic steroids, however, also have the opposite psychological effect in many abusers.

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